Skip to main content

Full text of "To the Representatives of Leading Business Organizations and Others"

See other formats


Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World 

This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in 
the world by JSTOR. 

Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other 
writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the 
mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. 

We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this 
resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial 

Read more about Early Journal Content at 
journal-content . 

JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people 
discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching 
platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit 
organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please 




righteousness, because the enormous navy for which he 
clamors is necessary to enforce peace among the nations, 
if they misbehave. 

Thus — for the sake of peace — the blind leaders of 
the blind press on to bankruptcy and ruin, while tariffs 
and taxes grind the faces of the poor — the men who 
work, or starve for the want of it, and the women who 
weep — or do worse. 

O Peace, what crimes are committed in thy name ! 

To the Representatives of Leading Busi= 
ness Organizations and Others. 

On March 20, the Committee of the Mohonk Arbitra- 
tion Conference on Business Organizations sent out the 
following circular : 

Dear Sir: The second Hague Conference has been 
a source of great encouragement to the advocates of 
international arbitration. The agreement for an inter- 
national court of prizes, and the decision that an offer of 
arbitration must always precede the employment of force 
for the collection of debts, are only two of the many 
exceedingly valuable results definitely accomplished by 
the fourteen elaborate conventions actually adopted. 
But the most important service rendered by the Confer- 
ence was, that by its specific recommendations, and by 
its substantial unanimity in endorsing the principle of 
international arbitration and the project for an Interna- 
tional High Court of Justice, it opened the way for im- 
mediate efforts to secure : 

1. A prompt confirmation of the conventions prepared 
by the Conference for the final approval of all the nations. 

2. The negotiation and ratification of arbitration trea- 
ties between the respective nations, and the subsequent 
improvement of such treaties by making them more com- 
prehensive from time to time as may be found feasible. 

3. The suggestion and adoption of some satisfactory 
means for selecting the judges and completing the organi- 
zation of an International High Court of Justice as de- 
signed by the Hague Conference. 

4. A practical acceptance of the recommendation of 
the Conference that the various governments should 
undertake a serious study, by commissions or otherwise, 
of a possible limitation of national armaments, or of an- 
nual expenditures for such armaments, upon some equit- 
able or mutually acceptable basis. 

5. A still greater and more assertive public intelligence 
and public opinion in favor of arbitration as a substitute 
for war. 

In conducting the preliminary negotiations, in pre- 
paring instructions for the delegates, and in endeavoring 
to perfect the work and carry out the ideas of the Con- 
ference, the United States government has shown the 
most admirable wisdom and tact, and a sincere devotion 
to the essential principles involved. 

While the official report of the Conference has not yet 
been published, its achievements have been made clear 
in papers of an official or semi-official character, such as 
the President's message to Congress, the Philadelphia 
address of Mr. Choate, on February 22, and the pamphlet 
written by Prof. James Brown Scott, Solicitor of the 
State Department and Technical Delegate of the United 
States to the Hague Conference. Professor Scott's paper 

is No. 5 of the pamphlets published by the American 
Branch of the Association for International Conciliation, 
Sub-Station 84, New York, and it is stated that copies 
will be sent postpaid on request. 

It seems to us that if the representatives of our lead- 
ing business organizations should see fit to give to our 
government and to The Hague delegates cordial expres- 
sions of commendation for what has been achieved and 
of strong encouragement for further efforts on the lines 
suggested, it will be exceedingly appropriate and useful 
at this time. 

The publication of such resolutions in the newspapers 
will also have an especially important influence in en- 
lightening and stimulating public opinion and official 

. We submit for your consideration the desirability of 
having suitable resolutions or letters sent to the President, 
Secretary of State and Senators, and copies given to the 

Information of action taken in this connection sent to 
H. C. Phillips, the Secretary of the Mohonk Conference 
at Mohonk Lake, N. Y., will be sincerely appreciated. 

Charles Richardson, Chairman ; John Crosby Brown, 
Joel Cook, Mahlon N. Kline, W. A. Mahony, George 
Foster Peabody, Elwyn G. Preston, Clinton Rogers 
Woodruff, Committee on Business Organizations. 

New Books. 

The Human Harvest. By David Starr Jordan. 
Boston: American Unitarian Association. 1907. 122 
pages. Price, $1.00 net. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, President of Leland Stanford 
University, has distinguished himself as a writer and 
speaker upon the evils of war. His point of view is that 
of the scientist. For several years his little book, " The 
Blood of the Nation," has exercised a growing influence 
in the cultivated circles of America in which the reac- 
tion against the wickedness and futility of man killing 
has been going on. Press reports indicate that a lecture 
which he has given of late, entitled " The Human Har- 
vest," has also made a deep impression upon the public 
mind. Now in response to a justly earned demand Dr. 
Jordan has recast both his book and his lecture and 
published them as a connected whole under the latter 

He shows the working out of the principle of heredity 
through a reverse process of selection and evolution. 
His thesis is well expressed in the following quotation : 
" It is a costly thing to kill off men, for in men alone 
and the sons of men can national greatness consist." 
Wars have destroyed the flower of the military nations 
and left behind decadent states and degenerate races. 
In Rome the vir, the martial bero, who went off on 
foreign invasions never to return, left behind the homo, 
the inferior man, who was unfit to do anything else than 
ordinary work and whose successor in Roman citizenship 
was an inferior offspring. "To cultivate the Roman 
fields," he says, " whole tribes were borrowed. The man 
of the quick eye and the strong arm gave place to the 
slave, the scullion, the pariah, the man with the hoe, 
the man whose lot does not change, because in him 
there is no power to change it. The barbarian settled